The Cocoanuts (1925)

Music and Lyrics by Irving Berlinb
Book by George S. Kaufman

The Plot:

The "plot" is really more of a series of opportunities for the Marx Brothers to let loose their particular brand of insanity. But, for the record: in the midst of the Florida land boom, Mr. Schlemmer (Groucho) is trying desperately to run Cococanut Manor ("This is Cocoanut manor, no snow, no ice. Well, get some onions, that'll make your ice water.") and put the moves on the wealthy Mrs. Potter ("Your eyes—they shine like the pants of a blue serge suit."). When Mrs. Potter's necklace disappears, the suspects are drawn from Silent Sam (Harpo) and Willie (Chico), two vagabonds intent on the stealing the hotel's silverware, and a hotel clerk in love with Mrs. Potter's daughter, Polly. It turns out the clerk had been framed by a rival to Polly's hand, and the whole event ends with pointed hilarity at Spanish costume party. More to the point, the show includes the classic "Why a Duck?" routine, and the classic auction scene.

About the Play:

cocoanutsAfter the Marx Brothers made their first Broadway triumph in a hasty revue called I'll Say She Is, the boys were flooded with offers by Broadway producers, including Ziegfeld, who would have made their fortune by putting them in his Follies. Chico held out again, this time for a first-class musical written expressly for the act by real Broadway hands, not the hacks who threw together I'll Say She Is.

Upping the ante won the Marx Brothers the hugest pot imaginable: producer Sam H. Harris hired Kaufman and Irving Berlin, the most acclaimed songwriter of the time, to write their next venture. The Cocoanuts  ran for over a year on Broadway and longer on the road.  Originally, Berlin had written "Always" for the show, but Kaufman convinced him to cut the song in Atlantic City. "I don't know, Irving," he said, "'Always' is a long time—shouldn't it be I'll be loving you Thursdays?"

The show also began a deep association between the Marxes and Kaufman, who was constantly exasperated by the boys' lack of respect for the written word. Once, while standing in the lobby during a performance of the show, Kaufman broke away from a companion with whom he was having a conversation. "I'm sorry," said Kaufman when he returned, "I just thought I heard one of my original lines." It was made into the first musical talking film in 1928.

Stage history:

The Cocoanuts opened at the Lyric Theatre on December 8, 1925, where it ran 218 performances. Despite the success of the film version, it had never been professionally revived until a reconstructed text was staged at Washington DC's Arena Stage in 1986. Subsequently, it was performed at the American Place Theater in NYC in 1996, where "Always" was restored to the score.

Production details:

7 men (including the Marx Brothers), 3 women, plus singing and dancing ensemble


GROUCHO: And over here, is where the levees are. You know what levees are, don't you?
CHICO: Sure, that's-a the Jewish neighborhood.

Strip Box:

The first great Marx Brothers classic is available for a full and fun-filled stage production with an Irving Berlin score.